The Computational Complexity of ReLU Network Training Parameterized by Data Dimensionality

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Vincent Froese
Christoph Hertrich
Rolf Niedermeier


Understanding the computational complexity of training simple neural networks with rectified linear units (ReLUs) has recently been a subject of intensive research. Closing gaps and complementing results from the literature, we present several results on the parameterized complexity of training two-layer ReLU networks with respect to various loss functions. After a brief discussion of other parameters, we focus on analyzing the influence of the dimension d of the training data on the computational complexity. We provide running time lower bounds in terms of W[1]-hardness for parameter d and prove that known brute-force strategies are essentially optimal (assuming the Exponential Time Hypothesis). In comparison with previous work, our results hold for a broad(er) range of loss functions, including lp-loss for all p ∈ [0, ∞]. In particular, we improve a known polynomial-time algorithm for constant d and convex loss functions to a more general class of loss functions, matching our running time lower bounds also in these cases.

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