Finding the Hardest Formulas for Resolution

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Tomáš Peitl


A CNF formula is harder than another CNF formula with the same number of clauses if it requires a longer resolution proof. In this paper we introduce resolution hardness numbers; they give for m=1,2,... the length of a shortest proof of a hardest formula on m clauses. We compute the first ten resolution hardness numbers, along with the corresponding hardest formulas. To achieve this, we devise a candidate filtering and symmetry breaking search scheme for limiting the number of potential candidates for hardest for- mulas, and an efficient SAT encoding for computing a shortest resolution proof of a given candidate formula.

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